June 3, 1900: International Ladies Garment Workers Union (ILGW) founded


1901: Macy's, Filenes, expand
and relocate


September 6, 1901:
President McKinley


April 27, 1903: Blacks in Alabama Denied the Vote


1904: Helen Keller Graduates from Radcliff


1905: Anna and
Laura Tirocchi Move
to New York City


1907: Tirocchi
Sisters Move to
Providence, RI


Feb. 8, 1908:
Supreme Court
allows 10 hour
work day


1909: NAACP founded




July 13, 1910: Womens Wear Daily begins publication.


1911: A&L Tirocchi Gowns opens at Butler Exchange in Providence, RI.


March 25, 1911: Fire kills 145 at the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory


1912: Woodrow Wilson wins U.S. Presidency


April 15, 1912: Titanic flagship of the White Star Line, sinks in the North Atlantic after colliding with an iceberg. Of the ships 2,224 passengers, 711 survive.


An image of the official program for a suffrage parade in Washington, D.C. March 3, 1913




1914: D.W. Griffiths' filmic history of the Ku Klux Klan, Birth of a Nation, starring Lillian Gish, is released.


June 28, 1914: Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria and his Wife are assassinated in Sarajevo. Many place this event at the begining of the conflict which will become known as the First World War.


1915: Margaret Sanger, U.S. birth control advocate is jailed after the publication of her book, Family Limitation.


1915: Laura Tirocchi marries Dr. Louis Cella, and they move with Anna to their new home at 514 Broadway.


1917: U.S. Enters WWI, declairing war on Hungary and Austria.


1917: Women suffragests protesting in front of the White House are arrested and sentenced to six month jail terms.


1918: World War One is resolved when Austria-Hungary and then Germany sign Armistice agreements on Nov. 3rd, and 11th. Over the course of the war some 8.5 million have been killed and 21 million wounded. (To compare, the total population of the U.S. in 1918 is 103.5 million people.)


July 16, 1918: The Russian royal family, the Romanovs, along with loyalists are murdered by the order of Bolsheviks. Rumors that one or more of the daughters has survived will persist for years.




1920: Dr. Cella is elected an alderman of the Fourth Ward in Providence.


January 16, 1920: The 18th amendment to the Constitution of the U.S., mandating prohibition, goes into effect.


April 15, 1920: Two men, a paymaster and a guard, are murdered in South Braintree, Mass. in the process of stealing $15,776.51 in payroll money. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are arrested for the murder on May 5.


August 26, 1920: 19th Amendment grants the vote to U.S. women.


1920: A profound demographic shift occuring in the U.S. means that for the first time urban dwellers outnumber those in rural communities.


May 31, 1921: Sacco and Vanzetti go on trial in Boston and will be convicted of murder on August 2.


1921: Emily Post publishes Etiquette – The Blue Book of Social Usage.


April 1, 1922: U.S. Coal workers begin a strike which will continue until September and win concessions on union policies and wages.


November 21, 1922: Rebecca Latimer Felton of Georgia becomes the first female U.S. Senator


November 25,
1922: Benito Mussolini assumes power in Italy and begins to reorganize the Italian government with fascist leanings.


1923/24: A.&L. Tirocchi makes the shift from custom dressmaking to selling ready to wear clothing and accessories. In the spring of 1924 Anna travels to Paris to buy for the shop.


May 5, 1925: John T. Scopes is arrested for breaking the Tennessee law against teaching the theory of evolution in biology class.


1926: Anna is using the 'Di Rennaissance' name for her shop, 1927 profits will be nearly three times those of 1924. See the ledgers database.


Fernand Leger: Les Fleurs, 1926





August 23, 1927: Sacco and Vanzetti are executed in Charlestown, MA, despite Celestino Madeiros' 1925 confession.




Anna reports her best year ever. Customer billing for 1927 is $62,221, nearly three times the $22,706 she posted in 1924.




Tuesday, October 24, 1929: Stock Market prices crash on wall street in response to global economic crises. This and other factors will lead to a general depression by 1930.




1930: As the year begins 4 million americans are unemployed. The number will reach 4.5 million by October.


January 30, 1933: Adolf Hitler comes to power as chancellor of Germany. The Nazi party will win 44 percent of the Reichstag elections on March 5.


March 4, 1933: Franklin Delano Roosevelt is innagurated President of the United States. He will eventually serve 12 years.


December 5, 1933: Prohibition ends with the passage of the 21st ammendment repealing the 1920 law.


1933: Hitler's program to encourage German 'Aryan' births offers cash incentives for each German born.


August 14, 1935: FDR signs the Social Security Act into law. Other "New Deal" legislation follows.




September 15, 1935: The Nuremberg Laws of the German Nazi Party forbid intermarriage between Jews and 'Aryans' and deny citizenship to Jews.


March 7, 1936 Hitlers troops occupy the Rhineland. He will form the Axis with Italy's Mussolini on October 25.


1937: German Jews are excluded from public spaces and are required to identify themselves by wearing yellow "stars of David" on their clothes.


July 2, 1937: During an attempted circumnavigation of the globe, Ameila Earhart's plane is lost over the Pacific Ocean.


November 9, 1938: Germanys greatest pogrom begins with Kristalnacht, a night of smashing shop windows and burning Jewish homes. Between twenty and thirty thousand Jews are sent to concentration camps.


1939: The Tirocchi shop effectively closes, although a handfull of clients will continue into the early 1940s. Mrs. Peck will patronize the shop until Anna's death in 1947


September 1, 1939: WWII begins with the German invasion of Poland. Britain and France declare war on September 3. See the WWII timeline at the What Did You Do in the War, Grandma? Web site.




January 30, 1940: The US Government issues the first Social Security Checks.


December 7, 1941: Japanese planes attack the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, cripling the US Pacific fleet, and killing 2,300 American sailors and civilians. The US Congress declares war on Japan the next day. On December 11, Germany and Italy declare war on the United States, and Roosevelt calls an end to US neutrality, entering the war on the Allied side..


1942: Rosie the Riveter comes to symbolize the 13 million American women who have entered the workforce.


June 6, 1944: D-Day: Allied forces land in Normandy, France, and begin to force German units into retreat.


August 4, 1944: The Dutch Frank family is betrayed to the Gestapo after hiding for 2 years. Anne, 15, survives Auschwitz, but is killed the following year in Bergen Belsen concentration camp.



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